La cultura Olmeca o cultura madre mesoamericana fue un civilización antigua periodo Preclásico Medio mesoamericano, aproximadamente en el estado. El Periodo Preclásico abarca aproximadamente desde a. C., fecha probable de la elaboración principalmente de la primera cerámica mesoamericana;. Transcript of Historia Cuadro comparativo de las civilizaciones de mesoamérica. Culturas mesoaméricanas. Olmecas Teotihuacanos.


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Others argue that Early Classic rulers merely traded with Teotihuacan and skillfully manipulated its imported exotic goods and preclasico mesoamericano sets to increase their prestige. Moving beyond these traditional assumptions, the contributors to this volume present extensive new evidence from archaeology, iconography, and epigraphy to offer a more nuanced understanding of the interaction between the Early Classic Maya and Teotihuacan.

Mural del Portico A Cacaxtla, Tlaxcala. Algunos autores como Michael D. Coe, piensan que la Cultura Maya es completamente diferente de las otras que le rodeaban.

Bajo relieve en el museo de Palenque, Chiapas. Morley y Eric S. Thompson a mediados del siglo XX. Hubo muchos cambios culturales durante este tiempo. In the last century of the Classic era, hegemony in the valley preclasico mesoamericano Oaxaca passed to Lambityecoseveral kilometers to the east.

The Maya and Teotihuacan: Reinterpreting Early Classic Interaction - Google Libros

Teotihuacan initially competed with Cuicuilco for hegemony in the area. In this political and economic battle, Teotihuacan was aided by its control of the obsidian deposits in the Navaja mountains in Hidalgo.

The decline of Cuicuilco is still a mystery, but it is preclasico mesoamericano that a large part of the former inhabitants resettled in Teotihuacan some years before the eruption of Xitlewhich covered the southern town in lava. Once free of competition in the area of the Lake of Mexico, Teotihuacan experienced an expansion phase that made it one of the largest cities of its time, not just in Mesoamerica but in the entire world.

During this period of growth, it attracted the vast majority of those then living in the Valley of Mexico.


Teotihuacan was completely dependent on agricultural activity, primarily the cultivation of maizebeansand squashthe Mesoamerican agricultural trinity.

However, its political and economic hegemony was based on outside goods for which it enjoyed a monopoly: Anaranjado ceramics, produced in the Poblano-Tlaxcalteca valley, and the mineral deposits of preclasico mesoamericano Hidalgan mountains. Both were highly valued throughout Mesoamerica and were exchanged for luxury merchandise preclasico mesoamericano the highest caliber, from places as far away as New Mexico and Guatemala.


Because of this, Teotihuacan became the hub of the Mesoamerican trade network. Teotihuacan refined the Mesoamerican pantheon of deities, whose origins dated from the time of the Olmec. Trade links promoted the spread of these cults to other Mesoamerican societies, who took and transformed them.

Preclasico mesoamericano was thought that Teotihuacan society had no knowledge of writing, but preclasico mesoamericano Duverger demonstrates, the writing system of Teotihuacan was extremely pictographic, to the point that writing was confused with drawing.

The fall of Teotihuacan is associated with the emergence of city-states within the confines of the central area of Mexico. It is thought that these were able to flourish due to the decline of Teotihuacan, though events may have occurred in the opposite order: The Maya in the Classic period[ edit ] Main article: Maya civilization Location of the Mayan people and their principal cities The Maya created one of the most developed and best-known Mesoamerican cultures.

Mesoamerican chronology

Although authors such as Michael D. Coe believe that the Mayan culture is completely different from the surrounding cultures, many elements present in Maya culture are shared by the rest of Mesoamerica, however, including the use of two calendars, the base 20 number system, the cultivation of corn, human sacrificeand certain preclasico mesoamericano, such as that of the fifth sun and cultic worship, including that of the Feathered Serpent and the rain god, who in the Yucatec Maya language is preclasico mesoamericano Chaac.


Preclasico mesoamericano beginnings of Mayan culture date from the development of Kaminaljuyuin the Highlands of Guatemala, during the middle Preclassic period. According to Richard D.

The archaeological evidence indicates that the Maya never formed a united empire; they were instead organized into small chiefdoms that were constantly at war.

They probably had a greater mastery of the art of war than Teotihuacan, yet the idea that they were a peaceful society given to religious contemplation, which persists to this day, was particularly promoted by early- and midth century Mayanists such as Sylvanus G. Confirmation that the Maya practiced human sacrifice and preclasico mesoamericano cannibalism came much later e.

Bas-relief in the museum of Preclasico mesoamericano, Chiapas Writing and the Maya calendar were quite early developments in the great Maya cities, c.