An entire body of law has been enacted - largely during the regime of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq - that seeks to establish what is perceived by the. Coupled with the introduction of the Hudood Ordinances, the. Zia regime also introduced judicial reforms which restructured. Pakistan's higher judiciary. This Article specifically examines the impact of one of these provisions, the Offense of Zina (Enforcement of Hudood) Ordinance, on sexual offenses under the.


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Designed to weaken the hudood ordinance of the Zina Ordinance while maintaining conformity with Islamic law, this Act introduced significant reforms to the laws as they relate to women.


A complaint of adultery must be made to a judge with at hudood ordinance four witnesses testifying under oath that they witnessed the act of penetration. Controversy[ edit ] Under the Hudood Ordinancewomen were routinely jailed for adultery on flimsy evidence, often when a former husband refused to recognise a divorce.

Pakistan's previous rape laws, repealed by the Zina Ordinance, had defined rape as compulsory sexual intercourse.

The Hudood Laws

Statutory rape, previously defined as sex with or without the consent of a girl under the age of 14, was no longer a crime, meaning that girls could be charged for engaging in illicit sex if they had reached puberty.

Marital rape, too, was no longer considered a crime. In addition, for the first time in Pakistan's history, fornication non-marital sex became illegal.

Both offences of zina liable to hadd and fornication offences have been made cognisable only by a court, meaning that when a complaint is made of either offence, the police may not arrest hudood ordinance accused unless directed to do so hudood ordinance the court.

Hudood Ordinances - Wikipedia

This is to discourage one step of humiliation of women. She goes through her period of iddat.

  • Pakistan: Proposed Reforms to Hudood Laws Fall Short | Human Rights Watch
  • "Twenty-Five Years of Hudood Ordinances- A Review" by Martin Lau
  • The Hudood Ordinances - Newspaper -
  • Hudood Laws
  • Pakistan: Proposed Reforms to Hudood Laws Fall Short
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After a while the family arranges hudood ordinance match and she gets married. The husband then claims that sans the confirmation of divorce by the local authorities the marriage is not over and launches a zina prosecution.

It is necessary to delete this hudood ordinance [of a valid marriage] to shut this hudood ordinance. He does not argue with statements such as "eight out of every ten women in jail today are those charged with the offence of Zina".

Women's Protection Bill Attention to the Ordinance and suggestions for revising it were given by a number of government appointed commissions, a televised several weeks-long-televised debate on the subject of "No debate on Hudood Allah Allah's laws as prescribed in Quran and Sunnah -is the Hudood Ordinance Man's interpretation of Allah's law Islamic?