Historically, dry cargo vessels were the mainstay of the world's merchant fleet. Known as general cargo vessels, they would be "geared", that is equipped with. A cargo ship or freighter ship is any sort of ship or vessel that carries cargo, goods, and materials from one port to another. Thousands of cargo carriers ply the  ‎Cargo ships · ‎Multi-purpose vessel · ‎Bulk carrier · ‎Container ship. To maximise a general cargo ship's earning potential, it is important to minimise time spent in port and optimise the efficient use of a vessel's cargo carrying.


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Cargo ship

General cargo vessels carry packaged items like chemicals, foods, furniture, machinery, motor- and military vehicles, footwear, garments, etc.

Tankers carry petroleum products or other liquid cargo.


General cargo vessel bulk carriers carry coal, grain, ore and other similar products in loose form. Multi-purpose vessels, as the name suggests, carry different classes of cargo — e. A Reefer or Refrigerated ship is specifically designed [1] and used for shipping perishable commodities which require temperature-controlledmostly fruitsmeatfishvegetablesdairy products and other foodstuffs.

Specialized types of cargo vessels include container ships and bulk carriers technically tankers of all sizes are cargo ships, although they are routinely thought of as a separate category.

Cargo ships fall into two further categories that reflect the services they offer to industry: Those on a fixed published schedule and fixed tariff rates are cargo liners. Tramp ships do not general cargo vessel fixed schedules. Users charter them to haul loads.

General cargo ship

Generally, the smaller shipping companies and private individuals operate tramp ships. Cargo liners run on fixed schedules published by the shipping companies.

Each trip general cargo vessel liner takes is called a voyage. Liners mostly carry general cargo. However, some cargo liners may carry passengers also. A cargo liner that carries 12 or more passengers is called a combination or passenger-run-cargo line.

Maritime timeline A full-scale replica of a coga type of vessel commonly used for cargo in Northern Europe from the 10th to the 14th centuries The earliest records of general cargo vessel activity mention the carriage of items for trade; the evidence of history and archaeology shows the practice to be widespread by the beginning of the 1st millennium BC, and as early as the 14th and 15th centuries BC small Mediterranean cargo ships like those of the 50 foot long 15—16 metre Uluburun ship were carrying 20 tons of exotic cargo; 11 tons of raw copper, jars, glass, ivory, gold, spices, and treasures from Canaan, Greece, Egypt, and Africa.

What are general cargo vessels? definition and meaning -

The desire to operate trade routes over longer distances, and throughout more seasons of the year, motivated improvements in ship design during the Middle Ages. Before the middle of the 19th century, general cargo vessel incidence of piracy resulted in most cargo ships being armed, sometimes quite heavily, as in the case of the Manila galleons and East Indiamen.

They were also sometimes escorted by warships. Inthe governments of those three nations agreed to provide better protection for the ships passing through the Straits. The waters off Somalia and Nigeria are also prone to piracy, while smaller vessels are also in danger along parts of the South AmericanSoutheast Asian coasts and near the Caribbean Sea.

Technically, "cargo" refers to the goods carried aboard the ship for hire, while "freight" refers to the compensation the ship or charterer receives for carrying the cargo.

Generally, the modern ocean shipping business is divided into two classes: A common carrier refers to a regulated general cargo vessel where any member of the public may book cargo for shipment, according to long-established and internationally agreed rules.

What is General cargo vessels? Definition and meaning

Larger cargo ships are generally operated by shipping lines: Smaller vessels, such as coastersare often owned by their operators. Vessel prefixes[ edit ] A category designation appears before the vessel's name. For further discussion, see Ship prefixes. Liberty ship sections were prefabricated in locations across the United States and then assembled by shipbuilders in an average of six weeks, with the record being just over four days.

These ships allowed the Allies to replace sunken general cargo vessel vessels at a rate greater than the Kriegsmarine 's U-boats could sink them, and contributed significantly to the war effort, the delivery of supplies, and eventual victory over the Axis powers.

Size categories[ edit ] Cargo ships are categorized partly by cargo capacity, partly by weight deadweight tonnage DWTand partly by dimensions.