FAVORES POR VOTOS AUYERO EBOOK DOWNLOAD!
Favores Por Votos?: Javier Auyero: Books - Favores Por Votos? (Spanish) Paperback – Jun 1 by Javier Auyero (Author). ¿Favores por votos? Estudios sobre clientelismo político contemporáneo, Buenos Aires: Losada. [Google Scholar]. Auyero, J. Routine. Javier Auyero at University of Texas at Austin . intercambio de votos por favores; éste involucra prácticas cotidianas donde se construyen lazos de solidaridad.
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Many social movement scholars favores por votos auyero approached these questions through the dichotomy of autonomy versus co- optation, while other Latin Americanists have understood the political partici- pation of the popular classes mainly in terms of patron-client relationships in which people lend their support to a political party in exchange for resources such as food, subsidies, or work programs.
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Neither clientelism nor autono- mism, however, adequately captures the practice of a movement like the FOL. Its activism is more adequately understood in terms of an approach that eschews these dichotomies.
Although this may be an overstate- ment, his account of the way movements are beginning to engage with the state shows us how we can favores por votos auyero beyond the framework of clientelism or autonomism in our understanding of this relationship. In order to make this argument I first provide a history and description of workfare programs and the way they are connected to the process of neoliber- alization in Argentina.
Subsequently, I introduce my own material, describing the structure and components of the FOL and how it organizes itself to obtain state resources. In contrast to the post—World War II era, the postdictatorship years were marked by deindustrialization and the pauperization of the middle and popu- lar classes.
The government found the answer in social programs, which, in favores por votos auyero to providing much-needed mate- rial support to the impoverished population, were also supposed to promote democracy and civic participation at the local level.
In the context of the return to democracy, the idea was to base these programs on local forms of organization and representation in order to favores por votos auyero citizen participation. Rather than the revi- talization of citizenship, then, one sees the depoliticization of the citizenry and new forms of locally based social control.
After the crisis ofthere was a dramatic increase in these programs. In less than a month after being appointed president inEduardo Duhalde greatly expanded the Family Right to Social Inclusion Heads of Unemployed Households Program, which increased coverage favores por votos auyero aboutpeople to over 2 million Maneiro, Workfare and Neoliberalism Analyzing these social programs favores por votos auyero neoliberal forms of governance reveals important connections between pre- and postcrisis Argentina.
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Scholars are increasingly identifying workfare as a key element of the neoliberal state Jessop, ; Peck, ; ; Peck and Theodore, ; Wacquant, As Wendy Brown In fact, however, they represent an alliance between Peronism and neoliberalism, an example of what Brenner, Peck, and Theodore call the capacity of neoliberalism to exploit and transform inherited institutional landscapes.
While my argument that the FOL is able to use state resources while maintaining its political independence does not hinge on the claim that they are neoliberal, understanding them as such has important implications for an understanding of the politics of both demanding and implementing them.
My argument that an organization may use state resources while maintaining its autonomy goes against the grain of much of the academic literature on this question, and there- fore I will briefly discuss how the relationship between contentious collective action and clientelism has been described.
Protest and Favores por votos auyero Auyero, Lapegna, and Page Their argument also helps to challenge the tendency to view these dynamics as opposites.
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Indeed, the increasing frequency of both in Argentina is surprising only if we ignore the realm of mutual influence between them.
Auyero and colleagues recognize that they have not captured all of the permu- tations of this relationship. Indeed, they end with a call for further favores por votos auyero.
I aim, however, to challenge some aspects of the way they have presented the problem.
Their favores por votos auyero that clientelism may be at the root of collective action oversimplifies the situation. The framework and language that they have adopted privileges clientelism as a preexisting and enduring social relation- ship that structures the appearance of collective action.
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To adopt the idea that clientelism is the routine rule and collective action is the nonrou- tine exception is to establish clientelism as the dynamic that determines the presence of contentious collective action.