Indian Railways and coal: An unsustainable interdependency. Coal and railways in India are heavily interdependent. On average railways accounts for over 85 per cent of costs for transporting coal to thermal power plants, as a number of power plants are pithead/near coal mines and do not use this mode for transportation. Coal Transportation Service Providers in India. Get contact details and address of Coal Transportation Service firms and companies. The off take of Coal India Limited has increased from MT in to MT during


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In India, at present, there are several constraints in transportation of coal to its clients. Though the mines in Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Jharkhand are the coal transportation in india coal loading points of Railways, the desired results in supply are not achieved.

Despite increase in coal production in these mines, the Railways are not able to transport the desired volumes to the clients across the country. This is mainly due to poor infrastructure and transport capacity coal transportation in india.

In order to bring itself in the position of becoming a significant coal transporter in the country, Railways has to meet many challenges, such as environmental issues, land acquisition and red tapism. These challenges are certainly not easy to achieve, so what are the options?

Road movement is certainly one of the viable solutions. Many mines are located in the remote areas of the state and are not connected by railways.

As a result, these mines are holding huge pithead stocks.

CIL to have own railway rakes to transport coal

These stocks can be moved by road through trucks. Now, Coal India is planning coal transportation in india transport coal by road in order to reduce rising stocks. Coal consumers are also opting for road option as waiting for the Railways rake allotment is a slow process.

Road movement has the benefit of providing door-to-door delivery.

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The authority also plans to instruct the power plants to use trucks that are located near coal mines. These steps need to be taken really fast as a transport bottleneck is causing depletion of coal stocks and slow refuelling with power plants.

Coal Transportation Service , Coal Transporter in India

While the road alternative cannot substitute for rail transport, for short distances, it is a viable option and therefore for ferrying coal to power plants nearby, mines are preferring road transport. Normally coal trucks can carry about 27 tonnes, while the heavy-duty haulers can ferry up to 60 tonnes.

The trucks can carry up to 30 ton load. The network of thousands of truck transport drivers provide quick and prompt goods delivery solution. There are a few companies in India that offer a wide range of mining trucks that feature different technologies. The customers can easily choose the right truck based on their requirements and therefore cut the cost and bring in more profitability.

CIL pays the railways Rs 35, crore annually as freight, a cost borne finally by its consumers. Once the rakes are owned by the company, the freight bill will reduce drastically as only track rents will need to be paid to the national transporter.

Shortage of railway rakes for coal transportation has been one of the major reasons behind the supply shortage. In order to improve supply of coal to power plants, the government had earlier asked electricity coal transportation in india units located within 60 km from the mines to build covered conveyor belt systems for coal transportation.

Addressing the media on Tuesday, the minister for railways and coal Piyush Goyal said with allotment of 11 more mines to CIL recently, the entire coal demand from the power sector in — estimated by the power ministry at million tonnes in FY19 — would be met.

As on February 11, power plants with coal linkages monitored by the Central Electricity Authority CEA had coal stocks that were sufficient to sustain for only 10 days.

Stocks at thermal power plants across the country had suddenly fallen in August-November, with the surge in demand from some power stations, including a few of NTPC.


That wind, nuclear and hydel plants with a combined capacity of 4 gigawatts were not able to generate power due to climatic and maintenance issues aggravated the crisis.